The Raising of the Participation Age (RPA)
The Education and Skills Act 2008 increased the minimum age at which young people in England can leave learning. This is called the Raising of the Participation Age. Further details can be found on the following website:
All young people have to continue in education or training until they are 18 years of age. This is called Raising the Participation Age (RPA). Raising the participation age does not necessarily mean that you must stay at the Academy. All Year 11’s have the following options:
- full-time education, you can stay on at the Academy 6th Form or go to another 6th form or college.
- work-based learning, such as an Apprenticeship.
- part-time education or training if you are employed, self-employed or volunteering for more than 20 hours a week.
The Academy has a 6th Form that runs a wide variety of courses.
Other further education options include: going to Hull College, Wilberforce, Wyke, Bishop Burton College, etc.
All 6th Forms and colleges run a wide variety of courses which you should research thoroughly by attending college open events and looking on the websites.
There are various qualifications and courses you can study at college, the main ones being A Levels and BTEC courses.
A Levels (‘Advanced Level’)
A levels usually focus on more academic subjects compared to vocational subjects like BTECs and NVQs. There are a wide range of subjects on offer. Some will be subjects that you may have studied at GCSE level (eg. English, Maths, Geography, etc) whilst others will be new subjects (eg. Law, Psychology, Sociology, etc). Look on the college websites to find out which subjects are on offer and research these thoroughly. A levels are highly valued by employers and universities. You generally need at least 5 GCSEs at grades A-C to get onto an A Level course. Sometimes you will need to have achieved a grade B at GCSE to enable you to study that subject at A level (usually the case with Maths and science subjects). You usually study 3 or more A Levels over two years and they are assessed by a series of exams. If you enjoy academic learning and want to study a broad range of subjects, then A levels could be for you.
If you are looking for something more job related then these vocational qualifications may be more suitable. You can study BTEC’s in a wide range of subjects eg. Engineering, Construction, Business, Travel and Tourism, Health and Social Care, Childcare, Media, Performing Arts, etc. There are different levels ranging from Level 1 to Level 7. A BTEC Extended Diploma (Level 3) is equivalent to 3 A Levels. BTECs are accepted by nearly all universities but it is important to research degree course entry requirements carefully as some may ask for an A Level in a specific subject.
It is possible to study a combination of BTEC and A Level courses at college or in the 6th Form. There are other qualifications you can study at college such as City and Guilds, ESOL, OCR, etc.
You may be eligible for financial support if you stay on in education. Schools, colleges and training providers have funds to help you if you’re starting a full-time course and think you might struggle with the costs of your studies. You can apply for a Bursary through the 6th Form, College or Training Provider you are going to.
Your parents/carers can continue to claim Child Benefit until your 20th birthday.
If they are claiming Child Tax Credit they can also continue to claim this.
For queries or claims contact:
HM Revenue and Customs – Child Benefit Office
PO Box 1
Newcastle Upon Tyne
Child Benefit Helpline
Telephone: 0300 200 3100
Monday to Friday, 8am to 8pm
Saturday, 8am to 4pm
HM Revenue and Customs – Tax Credit Office
Tax Credit Helpline
Telephone: 0345 300 3900
Monday to Friday, 8am to 8pm
Saturday, 8am to 4pm
This option involves working for an employer at the same time as gaining qualifications. There are apprenticeships available in a wide range of areas and at different levels.
For many apprenticeships you will need to have your own placement ie. an employer. Apprentices are currently paid a minimum of £3.50 an hour. If you are unable to go straight onto an apprenticeship, for whatever reason, you may be interested in a traineeship or study programme. You will work towards an NVQ qualification whilst on an apprenticeship which involves putting together a portfolio of evidence. You can find out more about apprenticeships and traineeships and look for vacancies on the national apprenticeship website:
Labour Market Information (LMI)
Having an understanding about trends in the local labour market will help your child to make informed choices about their future career paths. Having access to quality, comprehensive and impartial information and advice about local learning and work opportunities and their relevance to the labour market will help them to make informed choices. The LMI Humber have produced detailed information regarding Labour Market Information which can be found here https://lmihumber.co.uk/
. Please take time to have a look and encourage your child to read the information about the sectors they may be interested in.
Careermap is an online career resource that provides live post-16 opportunities, such as apprenticeship vacancies, college courses, university and graduate options. We also offer career advice and guidance so young people can make well-informed decisions to enhance their futures! Check out 1000’s of live opportunities https://careermap.co.uk
Due to new government legislation if you get a job for more than 20 hours a week at the end of Year 11 you must also do some part-time education or training.
National Minimum Wage rates
The hourly rate for the minimum wage depends on your age and whether you’re an apprentice.
You must be at least:
- school leaving age to get the National Minimum Wage
- aged 25 to get the National Living Wage – the minimum wage will still apply for workers aged 24 and under
What are your options after 6th Form
Higher education offers a wide range of courses and qualifications, such as degrees, higher national diplomas and foundation degrees. Many courses take place in universities whilst others are taught at colleges. Locally there is the University of Hull. However Hull College and Bishop Burton College also run higher education courses. There is also the Open University which is an online provider of higher education courses. Many students decide to move away from the area to study as there are universities in the UK and also abroad. This can be a fantastic opportunity to study and be more independent.
A higher education qualification is necessary for some careers such as teaching, medicine, architecture, physiotherapist, nursing, midwifery, etc. You need to check out what qualifications you need for the career/s you are interested in. Choosing what you want from higher education takes research and planning. You can research and apply on the UCAS website: www.ucas.com
You can also find out more by going on the following websites:
Money Matters – Studying for a higher education qualification can be expensive. Tuition fees are the amount universities or colleges will charge you each year to study. They vary depending on where you study and what you study. Universities and colleges in England can charge full-time students up to £9,250 a year. If you’re a full-time student studying on your first higher education course, you can get a government loan to cover your tuition fees.
Living costs cover things like accommodation, food and travel costs. This will vary depending on where you study. If you’re studying full-time, loans, grants and scholarships may be available to help you with your living costs. What you’ll receive will depend on your personal circumstances.
See www.gov.uk/student-finance for more information. There is an online student finance calculator so you can work out how much financial help you are entitled to. For funding of drama training go to: www.ncdt.co.uk
You may want to study a different course at the same level. To do this you could stay on in the 6th Form if the course is available or you could go to another college such as Wilberforce, Hull College, Wyke College, Bishop Burton, etc. Bear in mind if you do this that free full-time study is normally available until your 20th birthday. Check out the courses available on local college websites if you are interested. Courses are also available on www.logonmoveon.co.uk
As previously stated, this option involves working for an employer at the same time as gaining qualifications. There are apprenticeships available in a wide range of areas and at different levels. For many apprenticeships you will need to have your own placement.
Apprentices are currently paid a minimum of £3.50 an hour. You can find out more about apprenticeships and look for vacancies on the national apprenticeship website:
Finding a job can be difficult. However the Academy’s Careers Adviser can help you with your CV and to complete application forms, etc. There are various job search websites available. The main one is www.gov.uk/jobsearch as this is the website that all job centre vacancies go on.
There are others that you can also try such as:
Taking a Gap Year
This involves taking time out before going to university. There are lots you could do on a gap year for example, you could do some voluntary work abroad, work in the UK to build up your skills or you could travel to see a bit of the world.
Some young people decide to split their gap year and do 6 months paid work which then funds 6 months travelling. Whatever you decide to do taking a gap year has many advantages. It will look great on your CV, you can gain valuable skills to help you get a good job in the future, it will increase your confidence and independence and broaden your horizons.
There’s lots of websites that can give you more information on the opportunities available and help you plan your gap year:-
Taking a gap year is a once in a lifetime opportunity that you might not get chance to do again.
The Academy wishes all its students every success in their future career.
The Academy’s careers library houses a good stock of current college and university prospectuses and employer information as well as books and magazines on a wide selection of careers.